X. Hu, G. Wang, Y. Zhang, H. Yang, and S. Zhang, “Large depth-of field 3d shape measurement using an electrically tunable lens," Opt. Express 27(21), 29697-29709 (2019).
The state-of-the-art 3D shape measurement system has rather shallow working volume due to the limited depth-of-field (DOF) of conventional lens. In this paper, we propose to use the electrically tunable lens to substantially enlarge the DOF. Specifically, we capture always in-focus phase-shifted fringe patterns by precisely synchronizing the tunable lens attached to the camera with the image acquisition and the pattern projection; we develop a phase unwrapping framework that fully utilizes the geometric constraint from the camera focal length setting; and we pre-calibrate the system under different focal distance to reconstruct 3D shape from unwrapped phase map. To validate the proposed idea, we developed a prototype system that can perform high-quality measurement for the depth range of approximately 1,000 mm (400 mm – 1400 mm) with the measurement error of 0.05%. Furthermore, we demonstrated that such a technique can be used for real-time 3D shape measurement by experimentally measuring moving objects.