B. Li*, N. Karpinsky*, and S. Zhang, "Novel calibration method for structured light system with an out-of-focus projector,"Appl. Opt. 53(13), 3415-3426, 2014; doi: 10.1364/AO.53.003415
A structured-light system with a binary defocusing technique has the potential to have more extensive application due to its high speeds, gamma-calibration-free nature, and lack of rigid synchronization requirements between the camera and projector. However, the existing calibration methods fail to achieve high accuracy for a structured-light system with an out-of-focus projector. This paper proposes a method that can accurately calibrate a structured-light system even when the projector is not in focus, making it possible for high-accuracy and high-speed measurement with the binary defocusing method. Experiments demonstrate that our calibration approach performs consistently under different defocusing degrees, and a root-mean-square error of about 73 μm can be achieved with a calibration volume of 150H mm × 250W mm × 200D mm.