Y. Wang* and S. Zhang, "Superfast multifrequency phase-shifting technique with optimal pulse width modulation," Opt. Express, 19(6), 5143-5148, 2011(Image of the week of March 21, 2011, OSA Optics InfoBase); doi: 10.1364/OE.19.005149
The technique of generating sinusoidal fringe patterns by defocusing squared binary structured ones has numerous merits for high-speed three-dimensional (3D) shape measurement. However, it is challenging for this method to realize a multifrequency phase-shifting (MFPS) algorithm because it is difficult to simultaneously generate high-quality sinusoidal fringe patterns with different periods. This paper proposes to realize an MFPS algorithm utilizing an optimal pulse width modulation (OPWM) technique that can selectively eliminate high-order harmonics of squared binary patterns. We successfully develop a 556 Hz system utilizing a three-frequency algorithm for simultaneously measuring multiple objects.