Y. An, T. Bell, B. Li, J. Xu and S. Zhang, "Method for large range structured light system calibration", Appl. Opt., 55(33), 9563-9572 (2016); doi:10.1364/AO.55.009563
Structured light system calibration often requires the usage of a calibration target with a similar size as the field of view (FOV), which brings challenges to large range structured light system calibration since fabricating large calibration targets is difficult and expensive. This paper presents a large range system calibration method that does not need a large calibration target. The proposed method includes two stages: 1) accurately calibrate intrinsics (i.e. focal lengths, and principle points) at a near range where both the camera and projector are out of focus; and 2) calibrate the extrinsic parameters (translation and rotation) from camera to projector with the assistance of a low-accuracy large range 3D sensor (e.g., Microsoft Kinect). We have developed a large-scale 3D shape measurement system with a FOV of (1120 × 1900 × 1000) mm^3. Experiments demonstrate our system can achieve measurement accuracy as high as 0.07 mm with a standard deviation of 0.80 mm by measuring a 304.8 mm diameter sphere. As a comparison, Kinect V2 only achieved mean error of 0.80 mm with a standard deviation of 3.41 mm for the FOV of measurement.